Wednesday morning: Rod Drury talks about New Zealand Internet connectivity (off-shore connectivity). Content and people matters more than technologies and pipes. Stimulate the uptake of fibre-to-home by combining TV, Sky, Netflix, iTunes to be available over combined pipes so that customer will purchase the connectivity due to better incentives. Foster debates, but limit trolling. Try to make NZ internet connectivity easy as it is in USA. Problems with vertical monopolies. This is why events like NetHUI should happen, strategy should be proposed that enriches all of the actors.
Frank March presents Internet New Zealand Lifetime Achievement Award
Richard Naylor: Breaking the mold: First freenet to New Zealand. First online city in New Zealand. First webpage for a city. First municipal network. Free dialup in Wellington. Wellington Internet Exchange.
Phillipa Smith, AUT, researching the use of the Internet in New Zealand.
The study used 30 partners and focused on the use of Internet and the impact on new Zealand lives. Activities, Civic uses and socialising, and internet safety. Internet usage in New Zealand stands out worldwide – 77% (2007), 83% (2009). Methodology: longitudinal survey: 2007, 2009, 2011. 1250 people used, 12yo and older. Very interesting ethnicity, age and income Internet usage data (97% Asians in NZ use Internet). The more money you have, the younger you are, and the more urban you are, the more you use Internet, and the more you consider Internet important.
Discussion session: Innovation and Emerging issues
Paul Matthews introducing the session: rules of the game and facilitating the debate.
Ross Hughson – the use of mobile phones in the work/business context, innovation, mobile currencies, minutes. Ross says large VC interest in mobile technologies. Picking up, lost of new emerging mobile-oriented startups. Discussion on NFC, crypto chips, payments, access (doors).
The dichotomy between work-use and personal-use of mobile devices. Will people use multiple devices?
Corporate use of policies, telco- and central control, various operating system, security, usability. Who should control the usage patterns and enforce policies? Corporates? Telcos in collaboration with corporate systems? Users themselves?
Phone number should be abstracted from the Telco and service provider. In similar way as the emails are Name@YourDomain. Your identity should be independent of the service provider, users should be free to roam from one provider to another, and control freely the way calls are routed.
Tension between telco and corporate need for control and people need for freedom of choice and usability. Security is a concern.
11:35 Cloud computing
Status quo vs. cloud computing. Many issues, cloud computing still immature. Many privacy issues, legacy contracts, legal issues (Xero problems with IRD, legal issues in keeping tax data off-shore). Is the New Zealand connectivity (cheap large throughput offshore) or the size of New Zealand market the biggest disadvantage for New Zealand?
13:30 The future of Content and Media in a digital world
Lance Wiggs. What big media will look like in 5 years time. What we would like it to look like? All media from around the world available in New Zealand.
Bernard Hickey, interest.co.nz: open, engaged, useful.
Julia (newspapers): quality journalism, newspaper migrating to digital media, adapting to different media (e.g. screen sizes), hybrid. How to pay for quality content.
Maggie (New Zealand society of authors). Contracts are changing, publishers drop revenues to authors. Digital rights management. DRM-free. Creators need to be reimbursed for their work.
Is the public broadcasting TV important for the country? Should it all be commercial?
“In 5 years time, in the context of media and content, I want to be in control. I want to be engaged. I do not want to be just a consumer.”
Tension between content consumers and content producers, and current silos of media publishers and facilitators.
– “Should we let youth to figure it all out? They know more about Internet than we do.”
– “Oh, no, they know about Internet but not what life is all about.”
14:55 Digital literacy, diversity and access
Few presentations, Microsoft; SeniorNet, Grant S. community training network to 50+ age group. Seniors teaching seniors, peer-to-peer, 1991, started in San Francisco 1987. Hands on learning;
Teenagers need to be thought critical thinking, and the ability to differentiate valuable sources and to-be-avoided sources of knowledge. “Kiwi Computer Challenge”, IC3,
16:05 Who runs the Internet?
Involvement of ISPs in filesharing. Will the Internet continue to provide the same level of service, or it will be dominated by commercial or political will shape future management of Internet. Options for control? Status quo?
Note – regulation of Internet is done through RFCs. There are no “owners” of domains, but “custodians”, and country violating the openness and “common good” of Internet might be automatically excluded from the custodian role (see China and Egypt government Internet control). Discussion on IETF, ICANN and existing Internet organizations workings. Internet Governance forum – Treaty-based system governed by United Nation.
Anonymity on Internet?